Soils in Medical Geology
Convenors: Fiona Fordyce, email@example.com, Dmitry Vlasov, firstname.lastname@example.org, Elena Panova, email@example.com, Galina Zenova, firstname.lastname@example.org, Armen Saghatelyan, email@example.com, Lilit Sahakyan, firstname.lastname@example.org, Ekaterina Ivanova, email@example.com.
Description: Soils have varied geochemistries and mineralogies, affecting their potential to interact positively, and negatively, with human physiologies. Of particular concern is the property of soils to serve as repositories for harmful contaminants, and to cause significant human health risks through direct exposure and through the production of dust from soils. This session will explore the interactions between soils and the human physiology, with a goal of quantifying soil-human interactions on the individual or population scale.
- Soil Geochemistry
- Biogenic and Abiogenic Microbiomorphs in Geological Environments.
- Quantitative Estimations of Environmental and Geochemical State of Soil and Its Changes.
- Specificities of Biogenic Element Migration in System Soil-infiltration Waters in Mountain Massifs and Ore-bearing Territories.
- New Geochemical Barrier to Detoxify of Soil From Arsenic and Mercury.
- Trace Element Composition of Woody Vegetation in Urban Territories.
- Geochemistry of Soil Nanoparticles.
Radioactivity, Radio Geoecology and Human Health
Convenors: Fernando Piedade Carvalho, firstname.lastname@example.org, Igor Pechenkin, email@example.com, Alexandr Gulinyn, firstname.lastname@example.org, Alexey Starodubov, email@example.com, Farah Veliyeva firstname.lastname@example.org.
Description: Concentrations of carcinogenic radium and nephrotoxic uranium are naturally high in rocks and waters in many parts of the world. Development of mineral resources, oil and gas production, mineralized deep groundwater resources and other activities have led to significant exposures to these and other radioactive substances via inhalation, ingestion and dermal routes. Studies of health effects and biomonitoring related to background radioactivity provide important baselines for evaluation of the impacts of anthropogenic pollution. Evaluation of health effects due to past and potential future exposures has political, social and economic implications and requires collaboration among earth scientists, civil engineers and health professionals. This session will bring together researchers from academic, government and private agencies to discuss inter-related biomedical/geoscience studies relevant to topics such as past and proposed uranium mining, regulation and disposal of naturally-occurring radioactive materials and the technical bases and impacts of new drinking water regulations for radionuclides.
- Uranium Isotopes (234U,238U) and 241Am in the Environment and Modeling Experiments.
- Distribution of Natural Radon and Human Wellbeing.
- Radioecological Assessment of Groundwater.
- Environmental Assessment of Soil Radioactivity and Prospection of Uranium Ore.
- Radon as an Agent of Intergeospheric Interactions.
- Medical and Environmental Problems of Uranium Mining and Mining of other Naturally Occurring Materials.
Urban Medical Geology: Integrating Geologic and Anthropogenic Processes
Description: Most humans live in cities and towns that are systems integrating geologic and anthropogenic processes. Inputs include a wide range of materials that are transformed to build, power, nurture, and sustain urban populations. This session deals with characteristics that advance, worsen or remedy human well-being and health within urban settings.
- Problems of Ecological Geochemistry of Major Cities Ecosystems.
- Factors of Formation and Diversity of Urban Ecosystems.
- General and Particular Patterns in Distribution of Chemical Elements and Minerals in the Urban Environment.
- Pollution of the Urban Environment and Health of the Population.
- Objects and Methods of the Urban Geo-ecosystems Studies.
- Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Urban Aerosols and Ground Air.
- Geochemistry of Natural Underground Waters and Water Supplying.
- Biogeochemical Factors of Stone Weathering (Environmental Conditions and Methods of Monitoring and Protection of City Monuments Built With Natural Stone).
- Experience in Teaching of Environmental Geochemistry and Environmental Mineralogy in a Higher School.
Occupational Health Issues
Description: Other than the home environment, the workplace is the setting in which many people spend most of their time. Although work contributes to good health and economic achievements, the work environment exposes many workers to health hazards that contribute to various occupational diseases. In this session, we will focus on respiratory diseases, cancer, musculoskeletal disorders and present novel findings that could be put into practice and lead to reduction in these diseases.
- Dust related occupational diseases, pneumoconioses
- Coal worker’s lung
- Crystalline silica, asbestos and naturally occurring non-asbestos fibres-health effects
- Occupational disease among construction workers
- Dust exposure in agriculture-health effects
- Exposure and health implications due to energy production, oil, gas, coal and uranium.
- Non-pulmonary effects of dust exposure
- Cardiovascular disease of dust exposure
- Rheumatic disease and dust exposure
- Dermatologic disease
- Neurologic disease
- Radon exposure from mineral use, building materials and from the ground
Water and Human Health
Description: The natural geological and geochemical environment give rise to undesirable or toxic properties through a deficiency or an excess of various elements. Arsenic, fluorides and selenium are well known cases, but other and more indirect interactions also occur. For example, use of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture reach man via water supply. Use of pharmaceuticals in the household may leach from wastewater treatment plants reaching water sources, and influencing health of large communities. This session will focus on
- Chemical and physical quality of water as it affects health
- Studies of water pollution with hydrocarbons and human health
- Medical and geological problems at the studies and exploitation of deposits of underground waters
- Medical aspects of regulation, standardization and certification of underground potable water
- Elementary composition of salinity formations of drinking water and factors of its forming
- Fluorine and population dental sickness
- Impact of climate change on water quality
- Water policy and health
- Health effectiveness of water management
- Water based diseases
Climate Change and Human Health
Description: Globally, public health concerns regarding climate related changes such as desertification and associated long range as well as local health effects are escalating. This multidisciplinary session will focus on how the changing climate will influence many areas of population health. Examples of climate related changes that influence human health include decrease in air quality (asthma); meteorological effects (cardiovascular disease and heatstroke) including extreme weather events (floods); and biological impacts (increased incidence of vector or water borne disease; reemerging diseases e.g. coccidiomycosis). This session will focus on
- Medical aspects of earth degassing
- Earth degassing and natural catastrophes in biosphere
- Geodynamics and weather conditions and its possible influence on the health of population
- Stratospheric ozone depletion
- Exposure assessment
Mineral and Hydromineral Healing Resources. Historical and Modern Aspects of Their Use in Medical Practice
Convenors: Saverio Fiore, email@example.com, Irina Polyakova, firstname.lastname@example.org, Juris Salaks, email@example.com, Ann Pizzorusso, firstname.lastname@example.org, Krasimira Staneva, email@example.com, Alexandr Kulikov, firstname.lastname@example.org, Natalya Boeva, email@example.com.
- 1. Mineralogical, Geochemical and Crystal Chemical Characteristics of Clay Minerals and Their Importance in Medical Practice.
- 2. Perspectives of Use of Natural Geological Materials for Promotion of the Human Life Quality.
- 3. Historical and Cultural Aspects of Use of Natural Geological Minerals and Water (Rocks, Minerals and Water in the History of Medicine).
Arsenic and Other Toxianions in the Environment
- Arsenic and Its Compounds: Medical and Geological Aspects of the Study.
- Arsenic Emission from Metallurgy Plants and its Effect on Environment Condition and Human Health.
- Chemical Composition of the Dental Tissue and Scalp Hair of the Population Inhabiting Volcano Areas and Territories of Industrial Activities.
- Thyroid Gland Pathology as a Subject of the Study of Environmental Geology and Geochemistry.
Medical Geology, Public Health and Regulatory Sciences
Convenor: Jose Centeno, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Description: This session will be dedicated to discuss the interface between medical geology, public health and regulatory sciences. Regulatory Sciences requires an integrated multidisciplinary approach to public health with contributions from the medical, academia, industry and government communities. This session will explore how these communities will best use their technological advances and research opportunities in the emerging field of medical geology.